The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration has announced that hundreds of Ghanaians have been evacuated and are expected in Ghana in the next few days, following Russia’s military incursion on Ukrainian soil.
They are currently in Poland, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Czech Republic, undergoing processing to be airlifted to Ghana.
Russia launched a full attack on Ukraine Thursday, February 24, with reports of death tolls exceeding 130 within three days.
Consequently, stranded Ghanaians, especially students in the eastern European country numbering over 1000, called for immediate intervention to be evacuated from Ukraine, and the government has taken steps to ensure their safety.
“I am pleased to inform you that two hundred and twenty (220) of our compatriots have exited Ukraine and should be with us in Ghana soon. We are earnestly facilitating the safe return of a lot more,” Minister of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration Shirley Ayorkor Botchwey said on Sunday, 27 February 2022.
She explained to the press that: “As at 12:00hrs GMT today (27th February), information gathered was that over four hundred and sixty (460) students had left Ukraine en route to Poland, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The students will be received by officials of our Diplomatic Missions, honorary consuls and officials of the Ghana students’ associations”.
Breakdown of evacuations
According to Ms Ayorkor Botchwey, 24 Ghanaians have arrived in Bucharest, Romania.
Ghanaians officials on the ground are procuring tickets for them to leave on Monday en route to Accra.
Also, 48 are being processed at the holding area, and another 60 are going through border formalities.
Furthermore, some 38 Ghanaians who crossed into Poland are with Ghanaian officials.
“We are currently also making arrangements for those who are willing to be assisted to get on flights,” Ms Ayorkor Botchwey noted.
Additionally, 25 persons en route to Prague from Slovakia have been assisted by the Ghanaian Consul and are expected to be received on entry by the Ghana Mission in Prague.
“Twenty-five (25) just this morning arrived in Hungary and are being sheltered at the Pentecostal church in Budapest. Eighty-Five (85) of our compatriots are being assisted by our Embassy in Moscow to cross the border town of Suny into Russia, which, as indicated earlier, has posed serious difficulties,” Ms Ayorkor Botchwey added.
She revealed that the government of Ghana had secured passage through Hungary on a visa-free basis for Ghanaian students who are in possession of Ghanaian passports.
“We are told the Hungarian government is also providing coordinated assistance to enable our nationals to reach airports in Budapest or Debrecen. The Government of Ghana is grateful to the Hungarian Government,” She stated.
Further interventions by the government include a request to five European countries bordering Ukraine (Moldova, Poland, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia) to facilitate easy passage into their countries by our compatriots.
“Fortunately, the government of Moldova has officially indicated its willingness to facilitate the passage of foreign nationals based on a structured exercise”.
Ms Ayorkor Botchwey explained that the government was using these options because of the closure of Ukrainian airspace.
Due to that, “it had become a challenge to airlift our compatriots from Kyiv and other parts of the country, thus, leaving the only viable option of evacuation by land”.
She explained that there were three (3) cities in Ukraine where students could not be evacuated due to the high-risk situation identified there.
These cities are: Kharkiv (hotspot on the way), Sumy (hotspot on the way), and Dnipropetrovsk (locked down).
Earlier, the National Union of Ghana Students (NUGS) confirmed in a Tweet that the first batch of Ghanaian students fleeing Ukraine had arrived in Romania.
The students who arrived safely in the neighbouring country will be catered for by the Romanian government.
We have confirmed very reliably that Ghanaian Students who were in the City of Chernivtsi-Ukraine have arrived safely in Romania 🇷🇴 and are being catered for by the government of Romania as per arrangements made by the @GhanaMFA . Train to Hungary safely on the move as well🙏🏻.
— National Union of Ghana Students (@NUGSOfficial) February 26, 2022
What is happening in Ukraine?
Russian forces have launched a military assault on neighbouring Ukraine, crossing its borders and bombing military targets near big cities.
In a televised address, Russia’s President, Vladimir Putin, reportedly ordered a “military operation” in Ukraine’s eastern Donbas region, but what’s been launched goes far further and amounts to a full-scale attack on the country.
Russian military vehicles were said to have breached the border in several places, in the north, south, and east, including from Belarus.
The Ukrainian president’s office says that more than 40 Ukrainian troops have been killed in Russian shelling, but this has not been independently confirmed.
CCTV images issued by the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine reportedly show Russian military vehicles moving across the border from Crimea.
The Ukrainian armed forces say they have shot down five Russian planes and a helicopter; however, Russia dismissed these claims.
Emergency sirens have sounded in Kyiv, and huge traffic jams have built up as residents flee the city.
Why has Russia attacked Ukraine?
There have been hostilities between Russia and Ukraine after the former became a sovereign state after breaking away from the Soviet Union.
However, in 2021, the situation escalated after Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy expressed his desire to US President Joe Biden to approve admission to join NATO.
Russian President Vladimir Putin believes Ukraine is a puppet of the West and allowing a partnership with NATO will give the West access to set up military bases closer to Russia, which could facilitate an attack on Moscow.
Russia has demanded that the West gives a legally binding guarantee that NATO will not hold any military activity in eastern Europe and Ukraine.
Russia further wants Ukraine to desist from any NATO membership.
The new tension between Russia and Ukraine, which also borders the European Union, has political and economic repercussions for the EU.
Consequently, the EU, most of who are NATO signatories, have joined the US in announcing sanctions against Russian entities.