In order to effectively deal with poverty in Africa, African countries should focus on addressing incomes of the poor by resorting to the use of technology to increase agricultural productivity and also connecting farmers to markets, the Chief Economist for Africa at the World Bank, Dr Albert Zeufack, has said.
He made this known in a live video conference streamed from Washington, DC, USA during the launch of the 20th edition of the Africa Pulse Report, the World Bank’s twice-yearly economic update for sub-Saharan African.
The launch of the report, which focused on two special topics — Accelerating poverty reduction in Africa and empowering African women — coincided with the 10th anniversary of the report.
Dr Zeufack said Africa currently had 460 million people living below $1.9 a day, representing 41 per cent of Africans, meaning that four out of every 10 Africans lived in extreme poverty.
“If we continue doing business as usual, extreme poverty will exclusively be an African phenomenon, with nearly 90 per cent of the world’s extremely poor living in Africa by 2030,” he cautioned.
Dr Zeufack said 82 per cent of the poor in Africa were in the rural areas where farmers lived in fragile conditions and, therefore, called for conscious efforts to tackle challenges in the agricultural sector to increase productivity for better livelihoods.
He said the situation was making the continent to lose out on potential workers, innovators and leaders simply because they were being left out of the economy.
To address the challenge, he suggested that African countries should focus on addressing incomes of the poor by resorting to the use of technology to increase agricultural productivity and also connecting farmers to markets.
“We must address the poverty financing gap through better tax compliance and more pro-poor spending, as well as focus on demography, as rapid population growth is certainly not making the fight against poverty easy,” Dr Zeufack added.