11 file joint suit against gov’t over exploration at Atewa Forest

Seven Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and four private citizens, have jointly sued the government over the mineral exploration plans in the Atewa Forest Reserve.

The counsel for the plaintiffs, Martin Kpebu, filed the writ against the Attorney General at the General Jurisdiction Court (High Court) Division.

The CSOs are: A Rocha Ghana, Flower Ghana, Concern Citizens of Atewa Landscape, Ghana Youth Environmental Movement, Ecocare Ghana, Kasa Initiative Ghana and Save the Frogs Ghana.

The private citizens are: Awula Serwah, Oteng Adjei, Boakye Twumasi- Ankrah and Nana Asante.

The plaintiffs, in their writ, want an order compelling the Government and its agents to declare the Atewa Range Forest (ARF) as a “Protected Zone” and take steps to protect the forest in accordance with its constitutional obligation, as contained under Article 36 (9) of the 1992 Constitution.

They also want an order directed at the government to restore and pay cost for the restoration of damages that have been caused to the ARF.

The plaintiffs are also seeking a declaration that the mining of bauxite in the ARF violates the right to life and dignity, as enshrined in the Constitution.

According to them, the right to life and dignity, as enshrined in the Articles 13 and 15 of the Constitution, included the right to have the environment protected for the benefit of the present and future generations.

In their statement of case, the plaintiffs say they were private citizens and organizations involved in advocacy aimed at protecting the environment and they bore the Constitutional duty under Article 41(k) of the Constitution to protect and safeguard the environment.

They also had a social responsibility to protect the public from exposure to environmental harm, especially when scientific investigation “has found a plausible risk”.

“Government has a greater responsibility to protect and safeguard the environment and address Climate Change, as well as secure biodiversity as obligated under two international conventions that it is a signatory to.”

The plaintiffs said, the Government, however, in 2017 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Republic of China, with the ARF as one of the sources of bauxite.

“Based on the MoU, the Government commenced with the prospecting of minerals and in flagrant disregard of Section 9 of the Minerals Act 2006 (Act 703) as amended,” the plaintiffs said.

They said the Government, through the Integrated Aluminum Development Corporation (GIADEC) entered the forest in May 2019 and as at the time of filing the writ, 53 deep wells had been drilled.

They were not against the Government’s quest to mobilise revenue by exploiting Ghana’s natural resources for national development, they pointed out.

However, Ghana did not need to exploit the Atewa Forest Bauxite reserve because there were other bauxite reserves, they said.

The plaintiffs averred that GIADEC estimated that there were 900-million tonnes of bauxite minerals across Ghana, with Nyinahin alone, holding 700-million tons (77.98 %) while Awaso and Kyebi had 60-million (6.68 %) and 160-million (17.8 %) respectively.

They hold that only 17.8 % of Ghana’s bauxite could be found in Kyebi, the area within which ARF could be found.

Hence more than 82% of Ghana’s bauxite could be mined without compromising the existence of the ARF.

They held that the ARF was also administratively classified as a Globally Significant Biodiversity Area (GSBA) and protective forest reserve, for which all mining activities were to be excluded.

They said persistent efforts to meet the Government and demonstrate the scientific need to exclude the ARF had proved futile.

“Government also refused or failed to engage the local communities and environmentalists who maintain that strip mining is not a sustainable approach,” the plaintiffs said.

The strip mining, which was being used at Awaso in the Western Region and its outcome had been devastating, they said.

They had, therefore, petitioned the President to protect the ARF in a letter dated July 6, 2018; “but he has no interest in their cause”.

They hold that considering the critical importance of the ARF to the water supply system and biodiversity among others, it will not be the best to exploit the forest.

  1. Awula Serwah says

    “In our quest to develop, our beautiful lands and rivers are under threat. We are degrading our environment at an alarming rate. Once beautiful and thick forests have been denuded of their cover. Once majestic and all inspiring water bodies have been polluted and many of the animals no longer have safe habitats.” H.E Nana Addo Dankwa Akuffo-Addo, during his speech at the “Rebranding Africa Forum”, Ouagadougou 2018.

  2. Nana Asante says

    Active Citizenship is essential if we are to protect the Environment and the wellbeing of our people. The Atewa Forest Reserve may seem far away from La but the impact of Environmental Vandalism there threatens the water supply of at least 5 million people and therefore affects us in the Greater Accra Region. This Court Action must inspire Fellow Ghanaians to defend the right to clean water of Citizens in other parts of the country.

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